Category Archives: Noticias

NAXAN acude a la feria FILDA 2011 en representación de varios de sus clientes.

Naxan noticia Feria

La feria multisectorial con mayor relevancia de Angola, contó con un gran número de expositores y de visitantes en su edición del 2011.

Filda es el más importante evento en Angola para realizar negocios al que acuden sus autoridades politícas y económicas y toda la comunidad empresarial local. Constituye una excelente vía de entrada y de consolidación de presencia en este mercado. Se puede considerar tanto para establecer y mantener contactos y presentar productos o servicios como para tomar una impresión directa de la realidad económica y empresarial del país.

La directora del Area Internacional de NAXAN, Esperanza Juanicorena, muestra una actitud satisfactoria cuando se le pregunta por la feria, de la que resalta su gran afluencia de público. Se ha ampliado la red de contactos de NAXAN tanto institucionales como del sector privado y se ha consolidado nuestra presencia en el País – comenta la directora.

Global Headwinds: Where Is The Risk In SSA?

BMI View: In a worst-case scenario for the US and eurozone economies, we would expect Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Gabon and South Africa to suffer the most. Yet, some countries would still post strong real GDP growth owing to ¡diosyncratic factors: we believe Ghana, Mozambique and Zambia are set to outperform regard- less of global headwinds.

graficaBMI sees pertinent downside risks to Sub- Saharan African (SSA) economic growth in light of ongoing global headwinds. Although we maintain our broadly upbeat stance for now. we are cognizant of the poten- tially damaging ramifications of a number of concerns regarding key economies. Chief among these are the US and the eurozone – both of critical importance for SSA given their trade and investment links. For the US, weak macroeconomic data released on July 29 indícate that a double-dip recession cannot be ruled out. As regards the eurozone, the debt crisis rumbles on, posing downside risk to growth and threatening the stability of the European banking sector.

Our core view is that the global financial crisis gives a good idea of how African growth might be affected if the US or eurozone economies fare worse than we currently expect. Looking back at that period, there was a clear divergence in performance. Generally speaking, it was economies that were heavily exposed to the global economic el i mate that suffered the most – be that through having a relatively open economy (South Africa) or through a deep dependence on one particular export for which revenues collapsed (Angola, Botswana). Angola, forexample, saw its real GDP growth rate plummet from 13.2% in 2008 to -0.4% in 2009 as the all-important oil sector contracted. Similarly, Botswana’s over-reliance on diamond exports was cru- elly exposed as the economy contracted by 4.9% in 2009, following 2.9% growth in the previous year. The South African economy, meanwhile, contracted by 1.7% in 2009 as the manufacturing and mining sectors were hit hard – the downturn would have been worse were it not for investinents relating to the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

>Yet the picture was not all bad. Zambia, for example, saw real GDP growth rise to 6.3% in 2009 from 6.0% in 2008. Nigeria, similarly, saw a surge in growth to 6.7% from 6.0% the prior year. In both cases, we might have expected these economies to suffer greatly given their overreliance on copper and oil respectively. However, growth was boosted by increased produc- tion of the commodities owing to previous and (at the time) ongoing investments that were not forestalled by the global financial crisis. In Zambia, copper production grew by 14.1% y-o-y to 698,000 tonnes in 2009; in Nigeria, oil production rose by 2.0% y-o-y to 2.2mn barréis per day. Generally speaking, foreign direct investment (FDI) into SSA held up well throughout (he global recession, owing to its long-term strategic nature. Total FDI inflows feII to US$44bn in 2009 from US$52bn in 2008, but this was not a huge decline – in fact, inflows remained above the level recorded in 2007 (US$4 lbn).

Economies with sizeable agricultural sectors also posted a robust performance, as agricultural commodity prices held up and the domestically run nature of inany farms made them immune to foreign investment re- trenchment. Ethiopia, forexample, saw real GDP growth of 8.6% in 2009, albeit down from 11.6% in 2008; Tanzanian growth carne in at a respectable 6.0% in 2009.

If the global headwinds stemming from the US and eurozone strengthen, we would expect a divergence in performance to again be seen in SSA. Naturally, we would be most concerned over economies for which the US and eurozone comprise a sizeable share of exports. In this respect, we highlight Mauritius and Gabon – the US and eurozone (combined) account for 49.6% and 42.1% of their respective exports. However, other economies would also be vulnerable via depleted global demand for their exports and, consequently, lower commodity prices and diminished export revenues. BMI’s Commodities team believes that, in a worse- case scenario for the US and the eurozone, oil and base metáis would be most affected, although copper would likely suffer the least within the base metáis complex ow­ing to global supply dynamics. The team is also relatively upbeat on cocoa prices (forecasting an average price of GBP2.000/ tonne in 2011 and GBPl,900/tonne in 2012), believing that the bumper crops seen in West Africa of late will not be repeated in 2012. Taking all the above into account, we high­light the vulnerability of Botswana, Angola, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia and Sudan.

That said, we also expect country-specific factors to play a crucial role in determining economic performance in SSA – just as they did amid the global recession. In this respect, Ghana, Mozambique and Zambia should post strong performances in 2011 even if global headwinds gather strength. In Ghana’s case, we see the onset of oil produc­tion and a phenomenal cocoa crop driving real GDP growth to 15.1% in 2011. For Mozambique, the opening of a major coal mine in May and abundant agricultural pro­duction to date should mean growth comes in at 7.5% this year. Zambia, meanwhile, should see growth surge to 7.3% in 2011 owing to a fiurry of FDI over Hlll, robust copper production and strong agricultural output. On a less positive note, we highlight the likely underperformance of Botswana. Cote d’Ivoire and East Africa in general, regardless of what happens in the global economy over H211. The key factors behind our downbeat outlook are, respectively, public sector strikes, severe political turmoil and the regional drought.

BoM Normalising Policy

BMI View: In line with our expectations, the Banco do Mozambique began nor¬malising monetary policy by cutting the benchmark lending rate by 50 basis points to 16.00% on August I I. We do not believe that the move presages the onset of aggressive easing and reiterate our view that the Mozambican metical’s impressive rally is likely at an end.

In line with our expectations, after a period of tightening which began in April 2010, the Mozambican monetary authorities have begun normalising policy, cutting the bench¬mark Standing Lending Facility interest rate by 50 basis points to 16.00% on August 11. In making the decisión, the bank took consideration of the outlook for inflation, economic growth and ‘important challenges which persist in some sectors’ with ‘signifi- cant weight’ placed on the prospects for eco¬nomic growth. In our previous coverage, we highlighted the fact that a declining rate of credit growth and an increasingly uncertain global economic environment posed risks to both the domestic and external sectors. It is an important point to stress that we do not believe that the move signáis the beginning of a period of aggressive easing. Indeed. the primary objective of monetary policy is price stability, specifically aim- ing to maintain the annual rate of inflation (measured by the rate of change of Maputo city’s consumer price index) in single digits. Maputo’s inflation rate fell to 7.7% in July, down from 9.3% in June and cióse to 17% in December. However, average annual infla¬tion remains at 14.1 % and we do not believe that the Banco do Mocambique (BoM) will contémplate easing in earnest until this measure also falls into single digits. It is also interesting to note that the bank seems to be targeting the cost of borrowing rather than being concerned with aggressively stimu- lating credit growth at this stage. Indeed. along with the rate announcemcnt, the BoM stated that its target for base money at the end of August would be MZN32.5bn. This implies an MI growth rate of 14.2% y-o-y in August, down from 15.4% in July. Slow- ing money supply growth since September 2010, when it peaked at 39.1% y-o-y, has helped to significantly slow the pace of credit growth.

New Finance Minister Lends

Ngozi Okonjo-lweala, who officially assumed her duties as Nigeria’s Finance Minister on August 15, is expected to be a vocal advocate of fiscal discipline, broad-based economic reform and government accountability.

noticia6Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, former innaging director of the World Bank, officially resumed her role as Nigeria’s finance minister – a post she held over 2003-2006 on August 15. She will also take on added responsibilities, spearheading a wide range of economic and financial initiatives (her position title is Coordinating Minister for the Economy and Minister of Finance). BMI believes her appointment shows a credible commitment to economic reform and long-term sustainability by President Goodluck Jonathan’s administration. Okonjo-lweala is often said to have a strong personality and reportedly pushed for broad powers over economic governance and freedom from political interference as conditions for her taking on the new post. While some have warned that she will clash with central bank governor Lamido Sanusi, we believe the two are ideologically aligned and that possible conflicts will be resolved smoothly in the interest of improved fiscal discipline, meaningful reform and economic development.

Okonjo-Iweala has promised to ‘push beyond finance’ to improve the health and direction of the entire economy. Jonathan has requested her to assist the administration in all aspects of economic development, including reform, implementation of policy and coordination among ministries and different levels of government.

Although at this stage there have been relatively few occasions in which Okonjo- Iweala has spoken to the media about her new role, at each opportunity she has commented on the need to curb government spending, saying that Nigeria needs to be put on a ‘better fiscal path’ She has said that getting to grips with the budget and crafting a responsible 2012 spending plan will be her priorities. Okonjo-Iweala will be trusted to find ways to finance Jonathan’s goals of increasing investment in power plants, roads and agriculture. Recurrent expenditure accounts for nearly three-quarters of Nigeria’s budget and Okonjo-Iweala has said that this figure needs to be reduced in order for the country to be able to afford capital investments. With a global slowdown threatening global oil prices, budget allocation may prove to be challenging, particularly in the wake of a glut in government spending brought about by high oil prices and large budget deficits. Moving forward, this is one reason Okonjo-Iweala has stressed that Nigeria needs to diversify its economy and reduce its reliance on crude oil exports.

The minister said that her actions will reflect President Jonathan’s priorities: economic growth and job creation. This can be accomplished, according to Okonjo-Iweala, through policies supportive of job-creating sectors, including the privatisation of sectors that have the potential to create employment. A senior government source told local news reporters that Jonathan is confident that Okonjo-lweala can help his administration achieve his dream: to record doubledigit growth in GDP. Finally, Jonathan has appointed Okonjo-Iweala as vice chair of the newly formed National Council on Privatization, established to ensure that recently privatised businesses ‘create jobs and wealth’ for Nigerians.

2012 Elections: The Race Is On

Elections 2012BMI View: The contest for Ghana’s December 2012 legislative and presidential elections is heating up. Although incumbent President John Atta Mills has secured his position as the National Democratic Congress’s presidential candidate, he does not have an easy ride ahead.

Incumbent President John Atta Mills has seen his position strengthened following a resounding victory in the contest to be the National Democratic Congress (NDC)’s presidential candidate in December 2012. Competition came from Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings – wife of ex-president, Jerry John Rawlings – but the competition proved insubstantial. Atta Mills won by a landslide, gaining 2,271 votes compared with Nana Konadir’s 90.

Commentary surrounding the vote indicates that the Friends of Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings (FONKAR) campaign was easily outpaced by its counterpart Get Atta Mills Endorsed (GAME). Mills apparently benefited from incumbency advantages, reportedly using state resources for transport and at times preventing Nana Konadu from meeting party officials. He also gained support and respect for his refusal to participate in the ‘mudslinging’ that escalated in the lead-up to the vote. Jerry John Rawlings reportedly described President Mills as unintelligent, irresponsible and ungroomed.

With his position now secure, Atta Mills will be focusing on December 2012. As is usually the case in Ghana, the elections – both legislative and presidential – will be a closely fought race. The NDC will benefit from incumbency advantages as well as perceptions that the economy has been generally well managed in recent years. Since 2009, when the party came to power, real GDP growth has been buoyant, the fiscal deficit has been reined in and inflation has stabilised. Furthermore, the oil economy has taken off, albeit with the legal and slowly.

Balanced against this, there may be a feeling among the electorate that it is time for a change and that the opposing New Patriotic Party should return to power. Moreover, the NDC is facing allegations of corruption as well as a range of concerns including the harsh treatment of street hawkers; the dilapidated state of the Accra-to-Kumasi road: delays in the payment of teachers’ salaries; and volatile commodity prices. Looking ahead, the management of oil revenues is likely to become a campaign issue: the NDC has sought to contain expectations about the extent of ‘trickle-down’ from the oil riches, but some disappointment is likely to be expressed among the electorate.

Oil Sector Still Dictating Economic Growth.

Oil Sector Still Dictating Economic Growth

BMI View: Driven by an expansion in oil production and elevated prices, we forecast robust real GDP growth for Angola of 7.5% in 2011 and 15.2% in 2012, a sharp turnaround from the -0.4% growth recorded in 2009. A number of infrastructural investment projects will also have a positive effect on headline growth, but this remains marginalised by the country’s reliance on oil.

Angola is Sub-Saharan Africa’s second largest oil producer, and BMI’s Oil & Gas analysts forecast oil exports to increase to 2.23mn barrels a day (b/d) in 2012 from 1.88mn b/d in 2011, which has a considerable bearing on our forecasts for headline growth. The Angolan oil sector is set to undergo major restructuring over the next few years following the creation of the National Oil Agency, which will take on responsibilities now in the hands of Sonangol the stateowned giant. Refining, storage, transportation and distribution of petroleum products are currently held under a monopoly by Sonangol, but these activities are scheduled for liberalisation by 2012.

Furthermore, new projects are due to come online in the next two years. Exxon- Mobil ‘s project at Pazflor is due for completion in late 2011 with an estimated output of 220.000 b/d, and Chevron’s project at the Tombua Landana complex is due to ready in 2010 with output of 100.000 b/d, boding well for export revenues.

Moving onto investment, we forecast 12% growth in gross fixed capital formation in 2011 and 2012, contributing around 2 percentage points to headline growth forecasts. Much of this is owing to the government’s infrastructural development program aimed at continued rebuilding of infrastructure decimated during the civil war and at demonstrating an ability to provide key services. Estimates put the number of people without adequate housing in Luanda alone at 3-5mn. In response, and in a marked departure from a focus on high-end development that led to the eviction of hundreds of people from Luanda’s shanty towns, President José Eduardo dos Santos has pledged to build lmn new social homes in the capital over coming years.

NAXAN organiza la visita del ministro de obras públicas de Sierra Leona, el Sr. Alimamy P. Koroma.

Visita obras

El ministro de Obras Públicas de Sierra Leona ha aprovechado su visita a la Comunidad Foral para conocer las principales infraestructuras y reunirse con diferentes personalidades del mundo empresarial y político de Navarra.

El pasado domingo aterrizó en Madrid el Ministro Koroma, el objetivo de su visita, conocer España y evaluar la capacidad de nuestras empresas para acometer los retos a los que su gobierno actualmente se enfrenta, mejora de las infraestructuras de energía, agua, infraestructuras e ingeniería.

El ministro ha tenido una agenda muy apretada, reuniones en Madrid con organismos internacionales como la CEOE y comida en el Ministerio de Fomento, posteriormente en Navarra visitas a empresas, instituciones financieras y diferentes cargos políticos de la Comunidad Foral.

El ministro ha mostrado un gran interés por las empresas navarras, especialmente por las empresas de construcción, energía y saneamiento, ya que hoy por hoy, son las empresas que más pueden hacer por su país. El ministro ha reiterado en varias ocasiones su agradecimiento a NAXAN por la organización de la visita y se ha mostrado muy impresionado por el acierto con todas las reuniones organizadas.